Nevada's cosmetology laws some of nation's most burdensome
For young people in Las Vegas or Reno attracted to careers in cosmetology, the barriers erected by the State of Nevada are pretty steep.
Under rules set up by the State Cosmetology Board, in order to even test for a license allowing you to trim fingernails, braid hair, cut hair, do facials or serve in any other of eight state-identified cosmetology categories, you’ll not only have to cough up a big chunk of money but also run what might be called the Cosmetology Board gauntlet.
That gauntlet includes spending up to a year in a board-licensed private “cosmetology” school — average tuition of $17,000 — for a couple of months’ classroom instruction by cosmetology-board-licensed instructors, and then spend the rest of the time working as unpaid labor in the school’s salon.
While salon customers will pay the school for your services, you may get tips, if the salon allows it (some don’t) and the customer goes out of his or her way.
Thinking of simultaneously holding an outside job? It’s almost impossible, because of the way the programs are scheduled.
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The State of Nevada regularly presents itself to the world as a place where government is less overbearing and regulation-obsessed than most.
But how true is that?
The Governor’s Office of Economic Development, for example, touts Nevada as “A very business-friendly state, with state and local governments committed to streamlining approval processes and remaining a very low-regulation environment.”
However, when lower-income Nevadans seek to work or start a business in several Silver State industries, they actually face some of the highest regulatory obstacles in the country.
Moreover, the primary purpose of those obstacles — evidence strongly suggests — is not to protect the public, but instead protect politically favored insiders from potential competitors.
An “occupational license,” simply stated, is government permission to work in a particular field. And of all American states, Nevada has the second-highest proportion of citizens licensed by the state to work in their fields. Only Iowa has a higher percentage, according to a 2016 study jointly produced by the Obama administration’s Council of Economic Advisers and Treasury and Labor departments.
Proportion of low-income citizens licensed is an important statistic: The more that states like Nevada require licenses in lower-income occupations, the more those states discourage low-income entrepreneurship.
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